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Silicone Rubber Flexible Heaters were originally designed for the aerospace and defense industries. Common were such applications as maintaining constant temperatures in the instrumentation of aircraft, satellites, navigation, guidance and radar equipment. The versatility of this product has since been widely recognized as thousands of uses have been discovered.

Flexible heaters are regularly specified because of their light weight, thin profile, low thermal mass and flexibility. The abilities to provide an infinite array of patterns and concentrations of heat are additional characteristics. Complex shapes, contours and three-dimensional patterns are possible. Many mounting methods are available for the application of Flexible Heaters. Computer generated specifications and state-of-the-art manufacturing technologies produce the most effective Flexible Heater performance possible.

    • Antenna De-icing
    • Optical Equipment
    • Spacecraft
    • Farm Animal Feeders
    • Aircraft Air Intake
    • Laser Printers
    • Photocopy Equipment
    • Glue and Laminate Curing
    • Consumer Appliances
    • Hydraulic Equipment
    • Aerospace Composite Bonding
    • Battery Heating
    • Photography Developing
    • Floor Processing Equipment
    • Vending Equipment
    • De-icing and Anti-icing Equipment
    • Outdoor Electrical and Electronics
    • Oil Pumps and Reservoirs
    • Presses
    • Aircraft & Galley Equipment
    • Electric Motor Dehumidifying
    • Heat Sealing
    • Medical, Laboratory and Dispensing Equipment
    • Automobiles and other Vehicles
    • Packaging Equipment
    • Freeze Protection for Drains in Refrigeration Equipment
    • Vacuum Chambers
    • Autoclaves
    • Gyroscopes
    • Food Service Equipment
Silicone Rubber Heaters

RESISTANCE ELEMENTS

Wire Wound Element: A fine gauge resistance wire is spiralled around a fiberglass core. The element is placed in a specifically designed pattern and vulcanized to either a silicone rubber or neoprene substrate. Advantages versus etched foil elements are: Physical strength; flexibility; smaller production quantity; conforms well to small radius bends and larger possible sizes.
Silicone Sponge Insulation
Etched Foil Element: The manufacturing process of etched foil elements is adapted from the production of printed circuit boards. A nickel resistance alloy foil is acid etched to the specific pattern, then vulcanized to the sheath material. Advantages versus wire wound are: Higher watt densities; greater area coverage of element over heater sheath; higher production quantities and complex heat distribution.
Flexible Silicone Heater

SILICONE RUBBER HEATERS

Silicone Rubber Heaters are rugged, moisture and chemically resistant and are easily bonded or cemented to heat sinks or other parts to be heated. Temperatures from -80 to 455F (-62 to 235C) and up to 20 watts per square inch are regularly supplied. The thin profile transfers heat quickly because the actual resistance element is so close to the heated part. Silicone Rubber Heaters can he insulated with silicone sponge rubber bonded to one side. Another way to lower radiated and convected heat losses is to apply an aluminized surface to the heater back. Very little is added to the overall thickness. Integral adjustable or preset thermostats, thermocouples, RTD's, thermistors or thermofuses can be included.

Aluminized Foil Surface

Click here to enlarge!

TERMINATIONS

Silicone leads for temperatures to 390F (200C) are most often supplied, but many other types are available. The leads are attached to the element within the transition area and covered with a 1" x 1" (typical) patch of the same material as the sheath.

The entire lead transition assembly is then vulcanized to the heater sheath. Leads can be arranged to exit at about any point on the element sheath, corner, or from an external tab. Neoprene, silicone and Teflon leads along with HPN cord and plug sets can be supplied.

 

MOUNTING METHODS

Pressure Sensitive Adhesive (PSA) is a factory applied material for bonding Flexible Heaters to a flat, smooth surface. A peel-away protective backing allows simple field installation. The maximum element temperature for PSA use is 300F (150C) continuous, 455F (235C) intermittent, at no more than 5 watts per square inch. Heaters with PSA should be stored no more than 6 months before installation.

Factory Vulcanizing provides excellent heat transfer from the heater element to the customer part. Strong, free of air gaps and with the longest possible heater life are advantages of Factory Vulcanizing. Maximum sheath temperature is 455F (235C). For field applied adhesives, an RTV Room Temperature Vulcanizing Adhesive or Contact Cement are available.

Also available for Flexible Heaters are several mechanical field mounting devices such as hooks and laces, grommets and laces, spring loaded latches, snaps or velcro.

 

THERMOSTATS AND SENSORS

Many other thermostat temperature ranges and ratings are available than what is shown. A minimum order quantity may apply. Thermostats separate from heater and ambient sensing thermostats in several temperature ranges are also available.

Thermocouples, RTD's, thermistors and thermal fuses are normally mounted under a silicone rubber cap which is vulcanized to the heater sheath. The position can be anywhere on the heater surface.

Thermostats are typically integral to the heater, encapsulated in silicone rubber and mounted in a heated area. The position is determined based upon application considerations, prototyping and testing.

Thermostats rated at 125V/15A, 250V/10A. Thermostat can be wired separately when rating is exceeded. Typically, the differential between the on and off position is 30°F. Tolerance: ± 5°F open ± 8°F closed

 

 

Special Shape heater
Vulcanized to mounting plate Pressure Sensitive Adhesive backing
Thermostat controlled heater Thermostats
Adjustable Thermostat Temperature Ranges
70 - 140°F
70 - 190°F
70 - 425°F
120/240V
120/240V
120/240V
1600W Max.
1600W Max.
1600W Max.
Thermostat can be wired separately
when rating is exceeded.
Click here to enlarge!
Specify from the following values:
OPEN
CLOSE
 
OPEN
CLOSE
55°F
40°F
160°F
130°F
(ambient only)
170°F
140°F
80°F
50°F
180°F
150°F
100°F
70°F
190°F
160°F
110°F
80°F
200°F
170°F
120°F
90°F
250°F
220°F
130°F
100°F
300°F
270°F
140°F
110°F
392°F
365°F
150°F
120°F
(hi-limit only)

Enclosure Heater

SILICONE RUBBER ENCLOSURE HEATERS

A wire wound Silicone Rubber Heater with ambient sensing thermostat and aluminum mounting plate are designed to prevent humidity and moisture accumulation in electrical and mechanical enclosures.

Enclosure heaters can be supplied with thermostat separate from heater or without mounting plate.

With built-in ambient sensing thermostat, the minimum width is 2". Available lengths are from 5" to 40" at 5 watts/square inch. Aluminum mounting plate is 1/2" wider than heater. Mounting slots are conveniently located. The suggested mounting is vertical with the thermostat at the bottom as shown.

Available thermostat setting is 40F (4C) 40/55F (4C/13C). Consult Ogden for other settings available. Minimum quantity may apply.

Watts @ 120 Volts
Heated Area
Mounting Plate Size
Mounting Area
(2) 5/16" x 1/2"
Part Number
Silicone Rubber Enclosure Heater without Thermostat
35
2" x 5"
  2-1/2" x 5"
1/2" x 5"
OGSR5102
70
2" x 10"
  2-1/2" x 5"
1/2" x 10"
OGSR5103
140
4" x 10"
  4-1/2" x 10"
1/2" x 10"
OGSR5104
Silicone Rubber Enclosure Heater with 55°/40°F Thermostat
25
2" x 5"
  2-1/2" x 5"
1/2" x 5"
OGSR5105
50
2" x 5"
  2-1/2" x 5"
1/2" x 5"
OGSR5106
100
2" x 10"
  2-1/2" x 10"
1/2" x 10"
OGSR5107
250
4" x 10"
  4-1/2" x 10"
1/2" x 10"
OGSR5108
Field installable Thermostat 55°/40°F
OGSR5101
  Click Here to Determine Wattage Requirements for Enclosure Heaters Installation

Surface Temperature versus Time for Silicone Rubber Heaters
Illustrated is the surface temperature of a standard Silicone Rubber Heater, .055" thick without insulation at several watt densities. The heater is suspended vertically in 70F (20C) still air.
     
Maximum Watt Density

Etched foil elements can be designed at higher watt densities based upon application considerations.
     
Specifications
 
Wire Wound
Etched Foil
Max. Width
36" (915mm)
12" (510mm)
Max. Length
120" (3050mm)
30" (760mm)
Heater Thickness
0.055" (1.4mm)
0.025" (0.64mm)
Foil Thickness
0.005" (0.13mm)
Sponge Thickness
1/16", 1/8", 1/4", 3/8" or 1/2"
Resistance Tol.
+/- 5%
Wattage Tolerance
-5 + 10%
Min. Ambient Temp
-80°F (-62°C)
-319°F (195°C)
Max. Operating Temp
392°F (200°C)
Max. Voltage
600
1000VAC
Dielectric

SPECIFICATIONS

The area where leads are attached adds additional thickness depending upon gauge wire used and type. Consult Ogden.
Dimension Tolerances:  Less than 6" (150mm); .03" ( .8mm);  6 - 12" (150mm - 305mm); .06" (1.5mm);
 12 - 36" (305mm - 915mm); .12" (3.5mm);
 Over 36" (915mm); 1%
12" leads are standard. Gauge of wire to be determined based on amperage or other considerations.

Composite Bonding Processes and other applications may require special heat pattern or uniformity. Heat Mapping Certification is available as an option. Underwriter's Laboratory, CSA and CE recognition or listing apply to most configurations.


Ordering Information:
Specify: Catalog Number, if available, or;
  • Material
  • Dimensions
  • Special shapes, geometry or 3D provide drawing
  • Wattage
  • Voltage
  • Operating Temperature
  • Type of leads and length
  • Thermostat Range or setting
  • Thermocouple or other sensor
  • Mounting: PSA, Factory Vulcanizing,RTV adhesive, contact cement, or mechanical device
  • Insulation: 1/16" - 1/2" Sponge .005" Foil
  • Flexing or bending heater might be subject to Element type
  • Agency approval required

Many applications require special designs and considerations. iProcesSmart will provide assistance to develop a flexible heater for a specific application.

  Standard Products PDF Order Form  
 
 

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